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THE MEXICAN PRESIDENT PEÑA NIETO INSTRUCTED HIS CABINET TO REDOUBLE EFFORTS TO ADVANCE IN THE FULFILLMENT OF NATIONAL GOALS
The Mexican President, Enrique Peña Nieto, chaired yesterday in the official residence of Los Pinos, a meeting with his Cabinet on the revision of progress and actions in various fields such as the protection of the population in the current rainy season, social policy, the implementation of structural reforms etc.
The President urged the members of his Cabinet to redouble efforts to advance in the fulfillment of the five major objectives for 2015 that the Mexican Government outlined at the beginning of this year, with the intention to benefit from economic growth and household economy.
These five objectives are: strengthening the rule of law and human rights. Work to put all the reforms in action. Strengthening transparency and fighting corruption. Accelerate the construction of infrastructure and housing, and strengthen the fight against poverty and regional imbalance.
The meeting also stressed the commitment of the members of the Mexican Government to work with respect and strict adherence to the electoral legislation. The results of different economic and social indicators of the first quarter of the year were also reviewed.
President Peña Nieto stressed the importance of continuing on the path of implementing the various structural reforms to achieve economic growth that will bring benefits to the entire population.
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MORE THAN 1.100 MILLION TOURISTS TRAVELLED TO ABROAD IN 2014
Inaugurating the Tourism Tianguis in Acapulco, where for the first time participated customers from over 65 countries, the highest number in its history, the Mexican President, Enrique Peña Nieto, said that various indicators show that 2014 has been the best year in the history of tourism of Mexico. He added that thanks to this growth in the sector, "according to the data published by the World Tourism Organization, Mexico ranks again among the 10 most visited countries in the world".
The President said, that this is great news for the country "and should be a great source of pride for the Mexicans." He added that the world is recognizing the value of Mexico, and "millions of people, from all continents, are discovering what our country can offer and they all got impressed of the spirit of Mexico".
"Mexico is an amazing country, it has a vast cultural and historical heritage, and an amazing natural diversity that makes it a unique tourist destination," he said.
FOREIGN INCOME GROWS THANKS TO INTERNATIONAL VISITORS
According to the Bank of Mexico (Banxico) the foreign exchange earnings from international visitors recorded positive growth in the first month of the year as it reached 584 billion dollars, that is 14% higher compared to January last year.
According to preliminary figures, during January 2015, the total number of international tourists in Mexico were 2.6 million people, 14.3% higher than in the same period of 2014. The cross-border tourism achieved a growth of 24.4%, going from 898,000 in the first month of the last year to 1.1 million in January 2015.
On the other hand, the average spending of visitors arriving by plane was $965.5 that is 8.0% higher than in January 2014 when it was only $894.0.
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HE EDUCATIONAL REFORM IS ALREADY GENERATING BENEFITS
The first initiative that boosted the Mexican Government to transform the country was the Educational Reform. With that the right for qualitative education was elevated to constitutional range. Meeting this right includes improving schools and teacher professionalization. Nowadays, the benefits of the Educational Reform are already in the schools:
• In 2014 – 2015 23,182 full-time schools serving more than 3 million students of basic education are operating. In 12,248 of them 1 million 587 thousand students are benefiting from nutritious food services.
• In 2013 240,000 laptops and in 2014 709,824 tablets were distributed between students of fifth and sixth grade of public primary schools and their teachers.
• With the implementation of the Educational Reform 20,154 schools were affected which have received directly 7,567.2 million pesos from the government since then.
• In the Program of Honorable Schools, 10,329 schools participated in 2013 and 2014, with an investment of 8 million 64 thousand pesos, with one million beneficiary students. On the other hand 199,189 School Councils of Social Participation were created.
• 1,743 Communal Tele-High School is operating with 43,000 subscribed students.
• The Prepa en Línea-SEP was created, which currently has 24,000 students that can increase to 150,000 until 2018.
• The offering of the Opened and Distance University was extended and now provides 17 undergraduate courses, 18 higher technical college programs and 2 postgraduate courses, what is more, it has 89,127 students.
• The National Program of Scholarships awarded scholarship to almost 7.7 million students in the last year.
• 6,637 special services of the primary education were improved; 154 Centers of Attention for Higher Education Students with Additional Disabilities were installed in the country and the Informal Bachillerato for Students with Disabilities was launched as a Distance Learning System.
• For the first time in the history of Mexican education National Competitive Examinations were conducted to select suitable personnel for public education services. From August 2014 to February 2015, 33,280 teaching posts have been allocated in basic education and 9097 teachers and management positions in upper- and secondary education.
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MEXICO PRESENTS ITS COMMITMENTS TO THE UNITED NATIONS TO REDUCE THE EMISSION OF GREENHOUSE GASES AND ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE FOR THE PERIOD 2020-2030
In order to contribute a global agreement to be reached at COP 21 (Paris 2015 Conference) that will be held in the end of this year in Paris, the 27th of March, Mexico presented to the Secretariat of the UNFCCC itscommitments for mitigation and adaptation for the period of 2020-2030.
Unconditionally and complying with the directions and priorities of the General Law on Climate Change, Mexico voluntarily committed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and compounds by 25%.
This commitment includes a 22% reduction in the direct emission of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and fluorocarbon gases, in relation to the baseline or trend growth in productive, urban and service activities that generate it. It also includes reduction in the emission of black soot with 51%, which global warming potential in the short term can be up to 3,200 times greater than the global warming potential of carbon dioxide in the short term. This short-lived climate pollutant, also called black carbon is a greenhouse compound that comes mainly from the incomplete burning of fossil fuels and is associated with sickness and mortality caused by air pollution at urban level, so its reduction also have significant benefits in health.
This reduction also means that Mexico will achieve to disconnect its economic growth from the emission of greenhouse pollutants such as carbon dioxide, which will reduce from 40 to 24 kgCO2e / 1,000 pesos, i.e. a 40% reduction in carbon intensity of the country’s GDP will be achieved.
Under these circumstances, it is estimated that Mexico will reach a peak of emission of greenhouse gases in 2026 aiming for the decarbonization of the economy.
This voluntary reduction can increase to 40% in case of a comprehensive agreement reached in Paris to secure financial support for mitigation actions in developing countries and to ensure strategic technology transfer in sectors with higher emission rates.
Mexico has included in its 2030 commitments an adaptation component, which priority is to protect people from extreme weather phenomena that are linked to changes in global temperature and to improve resilience and strategic infrastructure of the country and its ecosystems. For this purpose, the most relevant goals were set: increasing the adaptive capacity of the 160 poorest municipalities of the country, establishing early warning systems and risk management at all levels of the government and achieving a zero rate of deforestation.
With these actions, Mexico is the first developing country to announce voluntary commitments to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, and is committed as well to reach a new agreement in Paris in the end of this year that could achieve to keep global warming below 2 Celsius degrees. Mexico also calls upon the international community, both developed and developing countries, to join the global effort to bring actions in order to stop the climate change.
JOINT STATEMENT ON U.S.-MEXICO CLIMATE POLICY COOPERATION
On the occasion of Mexico submitting its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), President Barack Obama and President Enrique Peña Nieto reaffirm their commitment to addressing global climate change, one of the greatest threats facing humanity.
The leaders underscored the importance of jointly addressing climate in their integrated economy. Smart action on climate change and developing clean energy can drive economic growth, and bring broad security, health, and development benefits to the region.
The two countries will seize every opportunity to harmonize their efforts and policies towards their common climate goals.
The two countries will launch a new high-level bilateral clean energy and climate policy task force to further deepen policy and regulatory coordination in specific areas including clean electricity, grid modernization, appliance standards, and energy efficiency, as well as promoting more fuel efficient automobile fleets in both countries, global and regional climate modeling, weather forecasting and early alerts system.
The interagency task force will be chaired by Secretary Ernest Moniz and Secretary Juan José Guerra Abud, and hold its first meeting this spring.
The task force will also look to advance its work program through the Clean Energy Ministerial that Mexico is hosting on May 27-28 and related initiatives.
The task force will also look to advance its work program through the Clean Energy Ministerial that Mexico is hosting on May 27-28 and related initiatives. Both countries also commit to enhanced cooperation on air quality and climate policy, including harmonization and implementation of heavy-duty diesel and light duty emission standards, common programs to reduce reliance on HFCs, and technical cooperation on black carbon.
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THE ENERGY REFORM ALREADY GENERATES PROFIT
With the Energy Reform more companies can extract natural gas of our country, what we can take advantage of to generate cheaper and cleaner energy. In addition to the increasing number of participating companies in the generation of electricity, it allows us to count with new generator plants with better technology.
Nevertheless, some of the advantages of the Energy Reform are already here:
• In the Mexican households this year the electric bills reached a 2% lower level compared to the last year. For example, the domestic sector of higher consumption paid 6,15% cheaper electric bills in February 2014 and the businesses that demand more than 25 kW paid 14,3% less for electricity
• The Federal Commission of Electricity (CFE) is already modernizing its plants to be able to use the natural gas. Furthermore they are extending the Transport System and the Integrated Storage of Natural Gas.
• Since the approval of the reform, 1,032 kilometers of gas pipelines have been built and 2,549 kilometers are under construction that equates to the distance between Mexico City and Tijuana. What is more, almost 1,200 kilometers of new gas pipelines were adjudged and 265 kilometers of new additional gas pipelines are in tender which will be constructed in the next years.
There are still many benefits to come, more good-paying jobs and business opportunities for companies of all kinds will be generated.
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