Press Release No. 164
Mexico City, June 9, 2020
Deputy Secretary Jesús Seade Presents Candidacy to Head the WTO
Following President Andrés Manuel López Obrador's announcement nominating Deputy Secretary Jesús Seade to the post of Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the current chief USMCA negotiator today held a virtual press conference. The exchange with national reporters and foreign correspondents was held to explain the candidacy of the deputy secretary, who has had a long and prominent career, as the next step needed to strengthen the World Trade Organization, specifically, and the global multilateral architecture, overall.
Jesús Seade has an extensive understanding of the economies and trade dynamics in Africa, Latin America, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North America, and well-established relationships with the leading actors in world trade. His long experience in the most important international economic organizations —including the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank (WB) and the World Trade Organization itself— is a proven track record of his abilities within these key multilateral trade institutions.
As Mexico's ambassador to the GATT, Deputy Secretary Seade gave it important victories in trade disputes over antidumping duties on cement and the tuna embargo. He also represented Mexico as chief negotiator to the Uruguay Round, the origin of the current WTO. Negotiations were paralyzed, and it was agreed to make changes to the GATT senior leadership. The organization unanimously appointed Peter Sutherland as the new director-general, with then-Ambassador Seade as the new deputy director-general.
The new team steered the negotiations to a successful conclusion, which included renegotiating benefits for the least-developed countries (LDCs), mainly in Africa, a process led by Deputy Secretary Seade. This series of negotiations led to the creation of the WTO as a replacement for the GATT, where Seade served as founding deputy director-general.
At the International Monetary Fund (IMF), as a senior advisor, he was responsible for managing the IMF's policies on the financial crises in Argentina, Turkey and Brazil, also negotiating debt relief for fifteen high-debt African countries, confirming his experience with developing economies and his skill as a negotiator. He also served previously as principal economist at the World Bank. At both institutions, he led technical assistance missions for more than fifty countries in Africa, the Middle East and Latin America.
Jesús Seade studied Chemical Engineering at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and received master's and doctoral degrees in Economics from the University of Oxford, England, under the guidance of the Nobel Prize in Economics, James Mirrlees. He wrote his doctoral thesis on optimal tax policies for income distribution. He was chair professor at Warwick University, UK, and founding director of the Center for Economic Studies of El Colegio de México (Colmex), as well as executive secretary of the Mexican Nuclear Energy Commission. In Hong Kong, he was vice president of Lingnan University, and in China he was associate vice president for Global Affairs at the Chinese University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen. He has also served as senior advisor to the Hong Kong Secretaries of Financial Services and Trade and Industry, prior to becoming Mexico’s chief negotiator of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) in 2018.
The nomination of Undersecretary Seade to the post of WTO Director-General by the Government of Mexico comes in recognition of his experience and abilities but, above all, is a sign of the country's commitment to the multilateral order. Mexico is nominating a strong candidate with the experience and ability to represent the best global interests in free trade, at a key moment for protecting and promoting multilateralism and international cooperation.
The Department for Phyto- and Zoosanitary Inspection of the National Service for Agricultural Health, Safety and Quality of Mexico informs about the prohibition against importing pork meat products from Latvia and Lithuania into Mexico, including boar meat from Lithuania. The above as sanitary measures to prevent the propagation of African Swine Fever.
Moreover, travelers arriving to Mexico from Latvia and Lithuania are required to declare whether they have been in contact with farm animals or visited a zoo in these countries in a period of up to 15 days prior to their trip.
The above mentioned Mexican authority has provided the following link with a list of products and processed foods that are allowed for import by tourists and those that are prohibited from entering the country:
Press Release 137
In order to provide guidance and consular assistance to the families of Mexicans who die abroad, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has published a Guide for Transporting the Remains or Ashes of Mexicans Who Die Abroad for Disposition in Mexico.
The guide explains how to take advantage of the consular assistance made available by the Mexican government to all Mexicans abroad. It provides the answers to common concerns, in order to make the difficult process easier for families after the death of a loved one. The guide is especially useful during the current global COVID-19 pandemic. It explains the steps to follow in these difficult times and the assistance available to the family of the deceased.
If the deceased is a COVID-19 victim, the local authorities may require special procedures for preparing and releasing the remains. The Mexican Health Ministry has indicated that it is preferable to cremate the remains, as there is less of a health risk in handling the ashes and the cost is lower. However, if the family decides on burial in Mexico, the funeral home used abroad must comply with the guidelines for managing the bodies of COVID-19 victims in Mexico.
If financial assistance is needed, the family of the deceased must demonstrate that it is unable to cover the cost of sending the remains or ashes to Mexico. If available, the assistance provided by the consulate or embassy on behalf of the Mexican government only covers embalming or cremation and basic transportation services. The assistance is given directly to the service providers.
The Government of Mexico reiterates that it is committed to assisting all Mexicans abroad and providing them with all necessary information and protection during the global pandemic.
Guide for Transporting the Remains or Ashes of Mexicans Who Die Abroad for Disposition in Mexico: