SPEAKER: ENRIQUE PENA NIETO,
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED MEXICAN STATES
MODERATOR: The assembly will now hear an address by His Excellency Enrique Pena Nieto, President of the United Mexican States. I request protocol to escort (ph) His Excellency.
On behalf of the General Assembly, I have the honor to welcome to the United Nations, His Excellency Enrique Pena Nieto, President of the United Mexican States, and to invite His Excellency to address the assembly.
PENA NIETO (THROUGH TRANSLATOR): President of the General Assembly, your Excellencies, heads of state and government, delegates, ladies and gentlemen, as President of Mexico, it is a high honor to participate for the first time in the General Assembly, the highest symbol of unity among nations.
Mexico (inaudible) its historic commitment with this universal forum of dialogue, understanding and cooperation. Today's world could not be conceived without the United Nations. Its positive influence is present in all areas of our lives.
The United Nations leads international efforts to combat hunger, pandemics and climate change. The organization protects our children, preserves world heritage, and promotes the empowerment and advancement of women around the world. This organization promotes trade and global communications, as well as the protection of human rights and peace.
Thanks to the United Nations, our world enjoys today greater freedom, is more democratic and more developed. While the United Nations' contributions to the well being of millions of people are indeed evident, we cannot deny the plethora of challenges that every country of this planet is currently facing.
From the global economy, which has yet to recover its dynamism, to regional conflicts that have ended in deaths and forced migration flows, to climate change triggering natural disasters, it is clear that the world requires a more effective, multilateral action. In a world full of phenomena that transcend (ph) borders, international cooperation is more pressing than ever, and the sum of global efforts can only emerge in the United Nations.
Today, our planet demands a more effective, efficient, transparent, and a more representative United Nations, with greater participation of all societies of the world. The United Nations must bear to change in order to improve.
In Mexico -- in Mexico, we firmly believe that the United Nations has all the powers to be more daring, and to re-innovate itself. Regarding institutional change, we need a Security Council that evolves and truly represents the new world order. It is of the utmost importance to reform the Security Council in order to strengthen its transparency, accountability and response capacity.
We believe that the Security Council should be enlarged by increasing the number of non-permanent members, creating long-term seats with the possibility of immediate re-election based on a more equitable geographic representation. The world needs a United Nations where the permanent members of the Security Council refrain themselves from using their veto power in cases of severe violations of international humanitarian law.
Regarding international peace and security, the United Nations must prevent arms trafficking, as well as the serious damages this phenomenon inflicts on our societies. The Arms Trade Treaty provides the necessary tools to tackle this growing challenge. However, it is vital that all nations sign the treaty, but more importantly, that they ratify it, all of them.
The first conference of the state parties of the Arms Trade Treaty will be held in Mexico next year. This will be a great opportunity for all nations to work together and avoid arms harming children, or vulnerable populations around the world. In this sense, we should also strengthen the United Nations so it can effectively combat terrorism, which lacerates our planet.
Additionally, we need the United Nations to overall its efforts in favor of nuclear disarmament. We must prevent that more countries or non-state (ph) actors have greater destruction capacity, and we must also demand those that already possess this capacity to reduce and eliminate armament. If we want a safer world, we should warrantee that no one uses or threats to use nuclear power that could jeopardize the survival of humankind itself.
About the development agenda, now that the date to finally define sustainable development goals is closer, we need the United Nations that embraces a more comprehensive approach regarding the well being of people. Post-2015 development agenda should acknowledge that poverty cannot be determined solely by insufficient income, but by taking into account other basic needs that trump both personal and collective development.
We should also bear in mind that one of the guiding principles of this agenda should be economic and social inclusion. The United Nations also needs to update their commitment with the rights of boys, girls and adolescents, by addressing the threats to their integrity.
It is time to launch a joint global action to address school and psychological bullying, while strengthening basic values among our children and youth. If we want a future where the spirit of understanding friendship among peoples and peace guide our world, we need to act now with more determination so that our children and our youth can live free from any type of abuse.
In short, in order to be able to face the challenges of the 21st century, we need a new institutional design for the United Nations with a renewed commitment towards peace and security, and foremost, with a development agenda that is comprehensive and inclusive. Change is never easy, and especially when it requires transformation from the core, and it is dependent on the cooperation of multiple actors, each with its own priorities and interests.
In the specific case of the United Nations, multiple voices acknowledge the need for change. But at the same time, they believe that it is an impossible task, because no one is willing to yield.
Mexico experienced a similar situation. There were those who agreed on the urgency of promoting structural changes domestically. But they also warned that it would not be possible to fulfill them.
Those voices upheld that political groups and the government of the republic would not be able to reach agreements in order to transform our nation. Nonetheless, Mexico demonstrated that it is possible indeed to reach agreement amidst plurality.
When there is will for constructive dialogue, diversity can be a source of strength, the foundation lighting (ph) the path (ph) for Mexico; an agreement where all essential commitments were made in order to advance a comprehensive agenda for reforms in a wide range of national issues.
Building upon this groundbreaking political agreement, Mexicans dared to improve quality (inaudible) to make the job market more flexible, as well as to combat those who monopolize and engage in anticompetitive practices. We also dared to modernize the telecommunications sector, to increase the opportunities for credit, and to reduce its cost to strengthen public finances. We dared to give way to a new model for energy development for the country.
Mexicans exchanged views and agreed the renovation of our political and electoral institutions, as well as that for our judiciary and accountability systems. We Mexicans decided to transform ourselves. These profound changes were decades long overdue, mainly, in part, because no political party held majority in Congress during the last years.
Nevertheless, dialogue and consensus were vital in achieving these changes in just 20 months. What was the difference that allowed change in Mexico? It was the will of an entire nation that dared to change.
Mexico acted decisively and wisely. Mexico dared to transform itself and set itself into motion. Based on this experience, I am convinced that the United Nations can also change.
Ladies and gentlemen, almost 70 years after its creation, the United Nations must evolve as the international arena did. I know that it will not be easy to build consensus to transform the U.N., because the momentum must be broken, and paradigms must be changed. But I also know that the talent, the vision, and the wisdom needed to achieve it are here in the United Nations.
It is time to build a new United Nations for a new century. This will require that all countries have the will to listen, discuss, tolerate, and even so, the will to compromise. But at the end of this process, the world will have a more efficient United Nations, one that is able to work successfully in favor of peace and development.
My country is willing to play an active role in this transformation. Mexico is committed to evolve alongside the United Nations.
Peacekeeping operations are the privileged instrument of the United Nations to assist countries worldwide to end conflict, and to create the conditions for sustainable peace, by providing humanitarian aid, security, and post-conflict reconstruction. This is the reason why Mexico supports and values peacekeeping operations. This is the reason why Mexico has decided to participate in United Nations' peacekeeping operations, providing humanitarian work to the benefit of civilian populations.
Mexico will participate in peacekeeping operations with a clear Security Council mandate, and will do so based on the Mexican foreign policy principles enshrined in our constitution. With such determination, Mexico, as a responsible stakeholder, will take a historic step forward to reiterate its commitment with the United Nations.
Next year, this organization will commemorate its 70th anniversary. It will offer us the opportunity to make our plurality both an asset and a strength to drive change. With the participation of all of us, with the drive and the wisdom of all member states, the United Nations can transform itself to further benefit humanity as a whole. Thank you very much.